Department of Environmental Science and Policy[separator headline=”h4″ title=”Specialization”]
Environmental Microbiology, Marine Ecology, Microbial Symbioses, Marine Policy[separator headline=”h4″ title=”Research Focus”]
Dr. Salerno’s research interests focus on symbiotic and free-living microorganisms and the role that they play in maintaining and destabilizing organismal health and ecosystem function. Recognizing the important link between human health and ecosystem health, this research is approached through the lens of seeking to advance basic science, while also developing environmental monitoring tools, practical applications, and policy guidance for environmental management and conservation. Dr. Salerno uses traditional microbiological techniques, as well as molecular biology, next generation sequencing, bioinformatics, and microscopy to characterize microbial (bacterial, archaeal, and fungal) diversity and function in organismal and environmental microbiomes and how they respond to environmental change (temperature, sedimentation, chemical exposure). Previous projects have focused on characterizing the biogeography of bacterial communities associated with reef-building corals in the Pacific and how these communities respond to environmental change; the transmission and nutritional contribution of bacterial symbionts in deep-sea bivalves; mapping the microspatial distribution of soil microorganisms; and the impacts of hydrocarbons and chemical dispersant on the structure and function of deep-sea coral and shipwreck microbial communities. The Salerno Laboratory is currently working on projects pertaining to coral disease and oyster microbiomes.
Dr. Salerno also engages in science communication and interdisciplinary work at the intersection of science, policy, and diplomacy. She previously worked on coastal and ocean issues in the U.S. House of Representatives as a NOAA Sea Grant Knauss Fellow and Dr. Salerno served as an American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Science and Technology Policy Fellow at the U.S. Department of State, Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs, Office of Economic Policy. In this capacity she advised and coordinated U.S. policy on science and technology, energy, and oceans issues across U.S. federal agencies and in the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC).[separator headline=”h4″ title=”Contact”]
Office: DK 3024 (office), PSC 3113 (office), PSC 3206 (lab)
[separator headline=”h4″ title=”Selected Publications”]
Hamdan, L.J., Salerno, J.L., Joye, S.B., and Damour, M. The impact of the Deepwater Horizon blowout on historic shipwreck-associated sediment microbiomes in the northern Gulf of Mexico. 2018. Scientific Reports 8, Article number: 9057. doi: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-27350-z
Salerno, J.L., Little, B., Lee, J., and L.J. Hamdan. Exposure to crude oil and chemical dispersant may impact marine microbial biofilm composition and steel corrosion. 2018. Frontiers in Marine Science 5, doi: https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2018.00196
Salerno, J.L., Bowen, B.W., and M.S. Rappé. Biogeography of planktonic and coral-associated microorganisms across the Hawaiian Archipelago. 2016. FEMS Microbial Ecology 92(8): pii: fiww109. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/femsec/fiw109.
Salerno, J.L., D.R. Reineman, R.D. Gates, and M.S. Rappé. 2011. The effect of a sub lethal temperature elevation on the structure of bacterial communities associated with the coral Porites Compressa. Journal of Marine Biology Article ID 969173, 9 pages, doi: 10.1155/2011/969173.
Salerno, J.L., S.A. Macko, S.J. Hallam, M. Bright, Y.J. Won, Z. McKiness, C.L. Van Dover. 2005. Characterization of symbiont populations in life-history stages of mussels from chemosynthetic environments. Biological Bulletin 208(2): 145-155.
Van Dover, C.L., P. Aharon, J.M. Bernhard, E. Caylor, M. Doerries, W. Flickinger, W. Gilhooly, S.K. Goffredi, K.E. Knick, S.A. Macko, S. Rapoport, E.C. Raulfs, C. Ruppel, J.L. Salerno, R.D. Seitz, B.K. Sen Gupta, T. Shank, M. Turnipseed, R. Vrijenhoek, E. 2003. Blake Ridge methane seeps: characterization of a soft-sediment, chemosynthetically based ecosystem. Deep-Sea Research I 50(2): 281-300.